PhD/Master’s Theses

Doctoral theses undertaken under the MAGYC project

  • Elodie Hut (University of Liège): Perceptions of the Migration (Governance) Crisis ‘Back Home’:  Insights from Greek, Italian and Turkish Migrants in Brussels.

ABSTRACT: Long before the peak of the European ‘migration crisis’, Mediterranean countries had been dealing with the consequences of asylum and migration policies designed at the wider, European level (e.g. Dublin Regulations) and calling for increased ‘burden sharing’ across Member States. Instead, the combined consequences of the debt crisis, the start of the Syrian conflict in 2011 and the subsequent advent of the ‘migration crisis’ in 2015 have reinforced the structural challenges faced by EU frontline member states (i.e. Greece, Italy) in hosting large numbers of migrants in spite of their limited logistical capacities. While nationalism and anti-immigrant sentiment have intensified across both ends of the Mediterranean, further reinforcing migration externalization, securitization and criminalization policies as well as ‘crisis’ discourses in the political and media arenas, bottom-up and citizen-led initiatives have multiplied in key countries of ‘transit’ in order to express solidarity with people on the move. This PhD thesis seeks to analyse and compare insights from Greek, Italian and Turkish migrants in Brussels in order  to shed light on how they – as migrants themselves – have engaged with the governance of migration ‘back home’ in recent years, specifically through their perceptions of crisis discourses and narratives, hospitality practices and migration policies (e.g. ‘hotspot’ approach, EU-Turkey deal). It is built on the hypothesis that such perceptions and attitudes are polarized, revealing, on the one hand, practices of ‘othering’ on behalf of selected immigrant groups living in Brussels vis-à-vis migrant populations in their country of origin and, on the other hand, the importation and reproduction of discourses and local and/or transnational practices of hospitality (grounded in concepts of filoksenia, ospitalità and misafirperverlik from Greece, Italy and Turkey respectively). This qualitative and comparative study interrogates the socio-political ramifications of the so-called ‘migration crisis’ by examining the often-overlooked views and positionalities of diaspora members whom originate from countries that have been at the forefront of the multi-faceted and structural migration governance crisis at play in the Euro-Mediterranean context.

  • Camille Menu (University of Liège): European Union, Governance of Environmental Mobility and transformation of Human Rights.

Abstract to be added.

Master theses (undertaken under the MAGYC project)

ABSTRACT: The aim of the final thesis is to verify the concentration of refugee camps in the European Union. The thesis is devoted to the development of the Common Asylum System in the European Union, as well as the common measures of asylum policy adopted in connection with the refugee crisis beginning in 2015. It also deals with the types and minimum standards of refugee camps. The next part of the thesis is devoted to the aims, methodology and methods of analysis. It explains how we obtained data employed in the thesis, processed them using the geographic information system, evaluated and explains as well the method of semi-structured interviews used in the thesis. The final chapter deals with the verification of hypotheses and thus with the presentation of the results of the final thesis. The result is a map of refugee camps for individual countries with a more detailed view of individual areas of Europe as well as the processing of structured interviews, which show us the picture of public and third sector involvement in the process of obtaining asylum.