WP7: The Displacement Continuum
Assessing Continuity between Internal Displacement and International Mobilities along the Voluntary to Forced Migration Continuum
The objective of this work package is to shed light on two aspects of the displacement continuum. The first will analyse the drivers of mobility, along the forced to voluntary migration continuum, within and across borders, analysing the decision-making process of people considering whether and when to flee the effects of conflict, violence, or disasters, including slow-onset disasters such as drought. The second will explore the relationship between internal displacement and cross-border movements of refugees and migrants, examining the obstacles to and sustainability of return or reintegration along different points in the displacement continuum. The findings of this work package will help assess governance models and the effects of EU migration policies on countries or origin, and demonstrate the need to move from emergency and crisis management to long-term policy responses. It will form an evidence base on irregular migration trajectories, voluntary and forced return policies, and the durability and sustainability of return to countries of origin.
D7.1. Report: ‘Even if they reopened the airports’ : Barriers to cross-border movement expose Yemenis to repeated internal displacement
In this report published in the frame of “The Invisible Majority” series from IDMC, Schadi Semnani (IDMC) and Chloe Sydney (IDMC) seek to better understand the relationship between internal displacement and cross-border movement. The study is based on 147 interviews with Yemenis displaced both inside and outside the country. It explores the emigration environment and migration interface within which aspirations and abilities for cross-border movement are defined, and assesses the return outlook of displaced Yemenis.
D7.2 Policy Brief : Yemen: the implications of forced immobility
Based on primary research with Yemeni refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs), this policy brief by Chloe Sydney (IDMC) finds that restrictive migration policies have aggravated the humanitarian crisis by exposing Yemenis to repeated internal displacement.
D7.4 IDMC Global Report on Internal Displacement 2020
D7.5 Case Study: Nigeria: returning migrants at risk of new displacement or secondary migration
Building on previous research by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre which showed that many returning migrants are internally displaced after arriving back in their country of origin, this study from lead author Chloe Sydney (IDMC) and Preeti Dhillon (IDMC) explores the impact of voluntary and forced return policies and programmes on the sustainability of return and reintegration to countries of origin, and the resulting risk of new displacement or secondary migration.
D7.6 Policy Brief: Nigeria: returning migrants at risk of new displacement or secondary migration
Returning migrants in Nigeria are at risk of new displacement or secondary migration, regardless of whether the return was voluntary or forced. This policy brief from Chloe Sydney (IDMC) provides recommendations to enhance the sustainability of return and reintegration of all returning migrants in Nigeria.