WP4: Comparing Crises

Lessons from "Migration Crises" in North Africa, the Middle East and the Greater Horn of Africa

This Work Package conducts a comparative, multi-level analysis of the dynamics of South-South migration flows in key sending regions of migration to the EU. It maps how different levels of state stability interact with migration flows as well as with different migration governance approaches in key migration sending regions by analysing both national responses and proposals developed in the aftermath of a perceived ‘migration crisis’, as well as bottom-up responses developed by local authorities, NGOs and migrants with a historical lens. The goal is to build the empirical base for effective European migration governance efforts in the study regions.

Partners Involved: GIGA (Lead), University of Liège, Sciences Po, CNRS, SOAS.


D4.1 Perceiving Migration Crises: A view from the European neighborhood


The first deliverable of Work Package 4, by Christiane Fröhlich (GIGA) and Lea Müller-Funk (GIGA), addresses the perceptions of Northern migration crisis discourses in the Global South. It analyses how two major migration deals  – the EU-Turkey Deal 2016 and the EU-Migration Deal 2018 – were perceived in countries of first asylum which neighbor conflict countries such as Libya and Syria.

D4.2 Working paper: Forced migration  governance at critical  junctures of state formation in Tunisia


Drawing on interviews and archival material from Tunisia between 1950 and 2020, this paper by Lea Müller-Funk (GIGA/Danube University Krems) and Katharina Natter (Leiden University) analyses how the Tunisian state has dealt with the large-scale arrival of forced migrants from neighbouring countries during two critical junctures of state formation: its independence in 1956 and its democratic opening since 2011

D4.6 Policy Brief: Negotiating Circular Migration from Niger to Libya ad Back: Between Policies and non-Policies


This policy brief from Mattea Weihe (Sea-Watch e.V.), Lea Müller-Funk (GIGA) and Mounkaila Abdou (Université Abdou Moumouni Niamey) provides a critical discussion of the impact of Law 36-2015, which criminalises transit migration to Libya and Algeria through Niger, and especially its impact on Nigerien migrants.

French version: "Négocier la migration circulaire entre le Niger et la Libye: entre politiques et non-politiques"

D4.7 Policy Brief: Forced Migration from Eritrea and Regime Stabilization


In this deliverable, Nicole Hirt (GIGA) analyses the mass exodus of Eritreans as a consequence of the open-ended National Service and the government’s state stabilization strategies based on diaspora-exploitation and provides a critical discussion of EU responses to Eritrea’s policies.

D4.8 Policy Brief: Forced Migration Governance in Jordan and Lebanon: Lessons from two EU Compacts


This deliverable, by Christiane Fröhlich (GIGA) and André Bank (GIGA), provides a critical discussion of the Jordan and Lebanon Compacts five years after their creation and ten years after the beginning of the Syrian war, and draws lessons for future EU cooperation with key host states for forced migrants in the Middle East.



 EU project 1280x166

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