WP2: Migration and Asylum Governance Through Times of Crises
Continuity and Changes in the Governance Configuration
This Work Package explores when, how and why cooperation dynamics in crisis consolidate into governance deliverables. It weighs the risks and benefits of ‘linking’ EU trade, aid, education to migration-specific policies of border, visa, refugee employment for the mobility, resilience capacity and entrepreneurship opportunities of refugees and migrants, as a contribution to theorizing multi-level governance-in-migration. Its ambition is to discuss how to implement a multidimensional migration policy’, as promoted by the Global Compact on Migration and the EU Trade for All Strategy to deliver governance gains and inform policy-makers at the intersections of migration, trade and development.
D2.1 Framework Paper: “Does crisis matter for European migration governance?”
An initial output of MAGYC’s second work package, this working paper by Shoshana Fine (ULiège) and Hélène Thiollet (Sciences Po) aims to study the ways in which European migration governance has been shaped by a ‘crisis’ discourse.
D.2.2 Working Paper: Turkey and the European Union Refugee Deal
This paper by Meltem Muftuler-Bac (Sabanci University) analyses Turkish migration policies, the impact of the Syrian refugee crisis on altering these policies, the Turkish harmonization to the EU criteria, and the Turkey-EU refugee deal. The paper contributes to the MAGYC objectives by uncovering multiple challenges in the EU’s external migration strategies, as well as demonstrating the evolution of migration governance in Turkey as a key transit country in the EU’s periphery.
D2.4 Working Paper: The EU-Egypt Partnership Priorities and the Egyptian Migration State
In this paper, Gerasimos Tsourapas (Sciences Po) compares the EU’s pre- and post-migration crisis response via a historical and political contextualisation of EU-Egypt relations going back to the 1977 EC-Egypt Cooperation Agreement. It pays particular attention to the transformation and evolution of EU cooperation instruments vis-à-vis Egypt – a pivotal migration state throughout its history. The paper also highlights the complexity of migration flows that the Southern Mediterranean country has managed – from labour emigration and immigration to transit and forced migration.
D2.5 Working Paper: European externalization policies and a migration crisis imaginary: the cases of Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey
This working paper by Tamirace Fakhoury, Shoshana Fine, Meltem Muftuler-Bac and Gerasimos Tsourapas takes the case of four MAGYC case studies considered key ‘partners’ in the European externalization agenda, namely: Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey. It provides an overview of key developments in which migration has been governed in the context of the growth in Syrian refugees post-2011, often qualified as a ‘migration’ or ‘refugee’ crisis. Our aim is to explore in these settings whether we can speak of a shared governing framework underpinning EU externalization policies and practices as they interact with a crisis imaginary.
D2.6 Working Paper: The Jordan Compact
In this working paper, Gerasimos Tsourapas (Sciences Po) sheds light on the long tradition of hosting refugees within the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in order to contextualise elites’ responses to the Syrian refugee crisis. Adopting a framework of ‘refugee rentierism,’ the paper highlights how the Jordan Compact, as well as a variety of policies adopted by the Jordanian state before and after 2016, have sought to ‘turn the refugee crisis into an opportunity’ for economic development.
D2.3 Working Paper: Refugee Governance in Crisis: The Case of the EU-Lebanon Compact
This working paper from Tamirace Fakhoury (LAU) explores the EU’s refugee governing rationality in Lebanon with focus on the 2016 EU-Lebanon compact that was negotiated in the context of refugee flight from Syria.